Monday, August 27, 2007

Victorian Culture: Transcendentalism

Transcendentalism was a philosophical movement derived from Immanuel Kant’s attempt to explain why Newton’s laws so perfectly described the physical world. Kant thought the human mind itself imposed patters such as space and time, cause and effect, or action and reaction on the world; Newton’s theories would always be true because they were hardwired into people’s minds, so it was to observe anything that contradicted anything them. But what things were like before human minds went to work on them was unknowable. Kant called this hidden realm the noumenal world, and world known to science the phenomenal world. Kant thought there was a transcendental ego that turned the unknowable noumena into phenomena, but that this ego itself was unknowable.

"Image" of a female spirit

American philosophers such as Emerson and Thoreau, influenced by Kant’s ideas and those of other German philosophers, and also by Christian mysticism and Hindu beliefs, tried to find ways to be aware of the noumenal world and the transcendental ego – not through the method of science, but through meditation or the link. Ancient Hindu thinkers attributed amazing powers ("siddhis") to sages who had attained such insight; since they had seen behind the veil of illusion that was the world, they could reshape that illusion.

Slate Ouiji board used for divination

Stoddard, W.H. (2000) - Gurps Steampunk, pg. 108, SJG:Austin
[edited for removal of game specific content]


Esmeralda said...

The spirit in that picture...didn't know they had Photoshop in that days... :-). Well, I find it interesting that spiritual stuff. Always drawn to that... but I am too down to earth to actually have this sixth sense.

PeaceBang said...

Not to rain on your parade but this is a gross mis-definition of the New England Transcendentalist movement. Neither Thoreau nor Emerson were interested in meditation or practiced it, although Emerson had respect for Hinduism. Both were profoundly skeptical of spiritualism and neither believed in the spirit world in the occult sense.

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